December 16, 2021

Independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan: 30 years of formation and development of the state

On December 16, 1991, the Constitutional Law “On State Independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan” was adopted by the Resolution of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan No. 1008-XII. The preamble of which states that the Supreme Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan, expressing the will of the people of Kazakhstan, recognizing the priority of individual rights and freedoms enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other universally recognized norms of international law, confirming the right of the Kazakh nation to self-determination, proceeding from the determination to create a civil society and a rule of law, implementing a peaceful foreign policy, declaring its commitment to the principle of non-proliferation of nuclear weapons and the disarmament process, solemnly proclaims the state independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Over the years of independence, Kazakhstan has become a full member of the United Nations (UN), as well as a member of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and other organizations.